1890's Axtell by National Bicycle Co

This early Indianapolis, IN made bike used a slender-tube design frame that caged the chain ring inside the frame. Typical to bikes in that era, it had fixed drive, a mounting peg on the left side of the rear wheel, coasting pegs on the front fork and a spoon brake on the front wheel. The bike is all original.
1900's De Dion Bouton

Early 1900's De Dion Bouton racing bike, fixed gear, wood rims, tubular tires, leather saddle, Primus hubs, De Dion crankset, original paint.
1901 Pierce Dual-Cushion Shaft Drive Bicycle

In the first decades of the twentieth century Pierce Aeor made advance technology motorcycle and luxury automobiles. Pierce bicycle company was affiliated with the motorwerks as demonstrated by the head badge which besides displaying the word Pierce also shows an arrow in visual form. This bikes front fork legs are leaf springs, the rear wheel is cushioned by mono-shock suspension and the hinge point for the rear swing arm is concentric around the crank spindle. The bike does not use a chain but an enclosed drive shaft. This was not the first full suspension bike but is perhaps the earliest dual suspension bike exhibiting sound engineering. The bike has wood rims and 28" single tube pneumatic tires typical of that time, kerosene powered headlamp, and a saddle design similar to today's anatomic saddles but at that time was marketed as a hygenic saddle. The bike has been restored.
1930's Excelsior Broadway Flyer Track Bike

The Head Badge on this bike states "Excelsior Cycle Store", and as it was made in Chicago and to my knowledge has lived all of its life here may have been used in 6 day events at the Chicago Stadium, these events were very popular before WWII and again for a short while after the war. The lugged frame is nickel plated, has an adjustable stem in the Major Taylor Style, the period of the Brooks saddle has a very narrow mantle plate that makes for an exceptionally narrow saddle over all, the inch pinch crankset is BSA, the narrow wood racing rims are slightly aerodynamic, and the tires are United States Special Racers 28x1 single tubes. In effect these are similar to a contemporary sew up tire but without the stitching, also the inner tube is not a separate element but part of the casing. Contemporary sew up tires would fit on these rims. This bike is all original.
1935 Schwinn Autocycle

This bike epitomized Richard Schwinn's motorcycle inspired influence on bicycle design in 1931 Richard's father Ignaz was compelled to the doors to Excelsior, Schwinn's motorcycle division, Richard who had been Excelsior's Vice-President took charge of the bicycle end of the business and in the depths of the Depression chose to reinvent the bike. Some of the motorcycle inspired design of this bike are ballon tires, steering lock, drum brake, an illuminated speedometer mounted in a cast aluminum handlebar crossbar, a faux gas tank that doubled as a storage compartment with an opening door and a location for the batteries for the horn and headlight, the twin headlights complimented by the fender ornament and the oversized leather covered saddle suspended by leaf spring on a telescopic seatpost were all surely Richards creations these innovations were in no small part responsible for a 600% increase in American bike sales between the 1930's and the 1940's. The bike is all original.
1937 Elgin Bluebird

This top of the line Sears model was one of the most radical designs, elevating form and shape over the stayed diamond frame design for the previous 40 years. To emphasize the impression that the bike was longer than typical bikes the front fork stretched past the front axle than turned back several axle, the seatstays instead of terminating at the rear axle wrapped all the way around the rear wheel and were joined there by chainstays that are over two and a half feet long. Deluxe bikes of this era were often equipped with horn tanks and added on an item hanging from the top tube, the Bluebird uses a top tube that effectively expanded into the horn tank itself. The tank on the bike is a frame element that is brazed together out of several stampings and to continue the theme of length carries from behind the seatmast to several inches in front of the headtube, it also houses a speedometer, a headlight, a horn, push button controls for both the headlight and horn and last but not least a large removable panel on top to access the battery and allow access to the storage area, I know of no other bicycle that has a large access panel on its toptube. To wrap up, the bike has aerodynamic pedals, leather covered saddle with leaf-spring suspension, a fender ornament and long flared fender tips. Original paint bike.
1936 Hawthorne Flocycle

Chicago manufactured by Monark and sold through Montgomery-Wards under the Hawthorne label. This streamlined beauty was built with 24" wheels not for the benefit for the shorter rider but to enhance a lower and longer look. This aluminum bike was equipped with stainless steel fenders, and was sold without the necessity of paint. A steering lock is built into the head-tube, also a stubby leaf spring is located behind the bottom bracket that in union with the generously curved seat stays gives one function, albeit limited travel rear suspension. If all of that wasn't enough, it also has a streamlined saddle with integrated toolbox, combination horn/headlight with four "D" cell size battery tube, cast alum stem with integrated Clipper speedometer, and streamlined tear drop pedals. Bike is all original.
1930 Ranger
Tall frame Ranger with 28" single tube tire, painted wood rims, bike is mostly original paint.

1935 Ranger
Early 1930's Columbia built Mead Ranger, round tank with opening door, storage battery canister below, Delta Gangway electric horn, Clipper Speedo fender and handlebar mounted headlights, red balloon tires, leather saddle with Mead stamp, and all original paint.
1936 Ranger
Ranger Autocycle made by Schwinn. Pogo seat, crossbar speedometer, spring locking fork, original paint.
1940 Elgin Twin 60

This top end Elgin Model evolved out of the 1930's Elgin Bluebird. Elgin was Sears brand of bikes before WWII. The significant design feature is the seatmastless frame with the present frame utilizing two contiguous pieces of tubing starting at the head tube curving back to the seat, rear axle, bottom bracket, returning the head tube. A decorative die-cast shroud surrounds the head tube and contains a headlight, the headlight switch, a horn button, and a speedometer that uses a revolving drum for the speed, the aerodynamic pedals, a deluxe pointed chain guard, aluminum fenders, and a streamlined rear rack that contains a battery pod for the horn and light. All original bike.
1940's Whizzer

A majority of Whizzers were sold as an add on motor for a bicycle this example is a bit unusual as besides the motor-kit the original owner added the large leather motorbike saddle the Whizzer suspension fork, Whizzer speedometer the BI-LITE generator and lights, and the centrifugal clutch. It is safe to say more was spent on the aftermarket motorbike accessories than was spent on the motor-kit itself. The bike is all original.
1940 Dayton Huffman Champion Twin Flex

The Champion was the most expensive model that Dayton Huffman made that year, after the war the company shortened their name to Huffy. The bikes front suspension which had been around several years prior was adapted as a model for the bikes rear suspension, as interesting as this design was it did not reappear after WWII and no American made bikes were offered again until the advent of the full-suspension mountain bike decades later. The horn tank extends behind the seattube and beyond the headtube, the front of the tank has two almond shaped lenses for the twin lights built in the tank. The rear rack has an electric light built into it, and the deluxe saddle is leather covered.
1947 Silver King Hextube

This Chicago made hexagonal tube bike was the last aluminum model made by Monark, after this all the remaining models were made of steel till the company went out of business sometime in the late 1950's. This bike featured front suspension and a fender mounted pedestal headlight. Original bike.
1940's Caminargent

Bike is French made (of course) with octagonal tube, aluminum randonneur bike. Cast aluminum lugs attached via pinch bolts to drawn octagonal tubing (same way your seat post tightens). Aluminum is also used for the fork, rack, fenders, handlebar, cranks, but not rims (go figure). Pushing the limits on what you could do with aluminum tubing, both top tube and right seat-stay are drilled with entrance and exit holes for the three speed Simplex derailleur's cable. Bike has an early example of a Carless Stronglight crankset. Bike features brakes made by LAM, fenders by LEFOL, and also has generator powered head and tail lights (I've got to install the generator). Original bike.
1940's Paris Galibier

Bike was hand-built by Londoner Harry Rensch and restored by Keith Hellen. Bike is equiped as an 8 speed with Simplex Deraillers. It has an aluminum light bracket on the drive side of the fork. The bracket has the outline of a snake as it was made by Constrictor. Bike features the famous tricolor finish which Paris innovated in the 40s.
1950 JC Higgins Color Flow Women's

This Sears sold "Top of the Line" bike features a spring fork collectors call a bee hive fork, they also call the twin winged headlight the Batwing, the boys version had four portholes on each side of the horn tank similar to the Buick Roadmasters of that era. On this girls model those portholes were filled with red glass reflectors, the same reflectors were used in the luggage rack. The girls model also had a stamped steel skirt guard that was also an interesting style element on the two-toned bike. The bike is all original.
1950 JC Higgins Color Flow

This bike featured the "bee Hive" spring fork, the "Batwing" headlight, the horn portals evocative of a Buick Roadmaster and also a two-tone paint job. The Bike is all original.
1950's Monark Super Deluxe

This Chicago made deluxe boys bicycle featured spring fork, fender mounted headlight, crash rail equipped horn tank, decorative chromed cast head-tube shroud that also located the head badge, extra deep fenders embellished with triple pin stripping and of course white-wall tires. This bike is all original.
1950's Shurhoff Compact City Bike

Probably German made, this diminutive with 12 1/2' in wheels was designed for adult riders in an urban environment. The elevated rear rack allowed the use of full size panniers the high gear ratio allowed reasonable speeds for a bike with such small wheels. The short length of the bike complimented the small apartments and the ability to take the bike with one on public transportation. All original bike.
1951 Monark SuperTwin Motorbike

This Chicago made motorbike in the early 50's at a time when lax restrictions on motorized vehicles would allow a 12 year to buy something of this nature and drive it around the streets yahoo! The opposed two cylinder engine is a 2 stroke and required premixed this detail probably resulted in a lot young riders seizing up their engine running them on straight gasoline. Primary and secondary drive are by v-belt and a dry play clutch was utilized. The bike was good for 35 mph and stopping was attempted by its sole coaster brake. The bike is original.
1953 BSA Winged Wheeled

This add on motor was made by BSA motorcycle works, economical bike motor units like this were prevalent throughout post WWII Europe. As Europe's Economy rebounded they lost there popularity. The winged wheel was a single-cylinder two-stroke engine whose gas tank doubled as a rear luggage rack, the over-sized rear hub houses a set of chained reduction gears and a very powerful drum brake, the unit is mounted on Rudge bikes of the same era. The bike is all original.
1955 Oscar Wastyn Track Bike

1955 Chicago made lugged construction chrome plated track bike, equipped with Paramount inch pinch track crank and Paramount high flange track hubs all original bike.
1956 Hiawatha Chippewa Starfire

The bike was manufactured by Ohio based Shelby for the Gambles Department Stores. This bike exhibited a split personality as it attempted to bridge the transition from the American balloon tire cruiser to the English three-speed racer. Showing all of the cruiser attributes of a spring fork, horn tank, fender mounted headlight, rear carrier mounted taillight, crash-rail equipped saddle while simultaneously having British made Sturmey Archer three-speed hub, Swiss made Weinmann caliper brakes it featured the sportier middle weight tires in place of the chunkier balloon tires. When I first saw this bike, I was at a swap meet. I assumed it had been rigged up, but on closer inspection I saw factory relief in the horn tank to allow passage of the shift and brake cables and original factory brackets for front and rear brake mounting. The bike is entirely original.
1957 Roadmaster Skylark

A hand full of these bikes were made but were never offered to the public the radical frame design is built without a down tube to compensate for the lack of this frame element the oversized top tube is cast with reinforcing webbing inside it. The cast chainstays are elevated and allows the chain guard to do double duty as a frame element. The bike features a Bendix Aviation two speed rear hub. The bike is all original except for the rims and tires.
1958 Huffy Radiobike

Coinciding with the introduction of the transistor radio was the mid fifties Huffy Radiobike. Not conceding the advantages of miniaturization the bikes unit used vacuum tubes a down tube mounted antenna and a rack mounted battery pack almost as big as a Kleenex box. Bike was made for several years, the first model used a fender mounted headlight the second and last model, shown here has a handlebar mounted headlight. The bike is all original.
1960's Japanese Skyway Muscle Bike

No doubt inspired by the success of the Schwinn Stingrays and Krates this Japanese home market version sports a 24' by 20' wheel set a black and white banana seat with oversized sissy bar padded to match. Also features faux rear suspension with the stamped steel shock absorbers unusually configured high rise handlebars capped off with a fake gas tank with a 5 speed shift stick sprouting out of it. Original bike.
1965 Duemila 2000

This mid-60s Italian designed folding bike was a futuristic vision of the then distant bicycle in the year 2000. The bike's fork does not go directly to the axle as it doubles as the framework for the combined front rack and integrated headlight. The front fender forms a straight line while simultaneously complimenting the wheel. The chain guard extends past the rear hub and is there embellished with a raised "2000" logo. The saddle height is not adjusted with a conventional seat post, but with a set of pivots that allows the saddle to adjust in a parallelogram fashion. All original bike.
1969 Raleigh Chopper

This bridge made bike was Raleigh first attempt at the very popular muscle bike design, the first years manufactures was tested in Britain to good reviews. The following year the model was offered to the American Market and due to the cultural differences of those riders a large percentage of the American sold bikes suffered frame breakages. The weak part of the design was the long banana seat which allowed double up riding that the frame couldn't hold up to. A revised model followed incorporating a shorter saddle and a modified frame design the only reason this bike exists undamaged is that I found it as a NOS frame set in a bike shop and built it up from there. The bike features a Sturmy Archer 5 speed internal gear hub that is shifted by a console mounted twin shift stick controls mounted between the twin top tubes. The wheel set is a 20" by 16" configuration shod with Raleigh red line tires. Bike also has small rear luggage rack and the Raleigh Heron Chain ring.
1985 Aero Miyata

1985 Aero Miyata, Dura-Ace AX aerodynamic component group. NOS bike (new old stock), found this as a frameset in Miyata's old Elk Grove, IL warehouse. Took five years to find all the correct NOS parts. All original paint and never ridden.
1996 GT Olympic Time Trail Track Bike

Possibly the most advanced technology in a bike of its day, was built for the 1996 Olympics the bike was built for a specific rider as far as there was no opportunity to alter the seat height almost all the components on the bike including the wheel set the cranks the handlebars head set and frame set were of a proprietary design. This design of bike proved fast but did not win the gold medal and its racing career was cut short as the rules governing bike designs were changed resulting in the bike becoming illegal the top-tubeless design was reported to allow fast although somewhat shaky ride. All original bike.
BSA Child Bicycle

This 18" wheel bike was made in the style of the WWII BSA paratrooper's folding bike. Sales literature has a picture of the child's bike in the foreground with a ghost like image of the paratrooper and his bike as a background. All original bike made in Britain by Birmingham Small Arms.
WWII BSA, Birmingham Small Arms, Paratrooper bicycle. 
Folds in half, pedals are simple shafts that slide inboard when folded. Original "Dunlop War Grade" (molded on sidewalls) tyres. BSA leather saddle, BSA grips, BSA crankset, original military paint. All original bike.
WWII S-Bend Prototype

Not certain of the manufacture of this bike. Bike was made in the USA during WWII probably by an Ohio based bike company. Bike may have been an exercise in attempt to make a bike with less materials for defense plant workers. Front and rear utilize mono leg design. Front and rear New Departure hubs are built specifically for single side attachment, the rear coaster brake has no external coaster brake arm, the job of the coaster brake arm is dealt with a oversized axle. Both hubs have the original black satin finish that was typically used during WWII as a substitute for chrome plating. The S shape frame supplies a great deal of compliance and affords comfort bike style suspension although the bike is all original the original finish had been repainted with primer before I acquired it
Post War Caproni Motorbike

After having made fighter planes for the axis during WWII, Caproni was relegated to making affordable transportation for a war weary populace the execution of the bike is over engineered but in a most delightful way, certainly could have been made at far less cost but the designers of Italy's war birds weren't satisfied with less excess. Among other things the bike features parallelogram suspension front fork so subtly executed many people don't even realize it is a suspension front fork, were other manufacture making clip-on motors were satisfied with rub dry this used a chain drive on the bikes left side as the pedaled chain occupied the right side the diminutive engine was proprietary design for this one application as shown by the way it fits in the frame and the orientation of the cylinder heads cooling fins the break linkage is a combination of internal and external routing, using both brake rods and brake cables. The bike is all original.
Schwinn Corvette
Schwinn Manta Ray
Wooden Bike